十二 312010
 

转自http://linux.byexamples.com/archives/406/how-to-embed-lua-51-in-c/

今天编译的时候出错了,百度了一下只有这一个结果

自己留着,以后用得着

 

How to embed Lua 5.1 in C++

Lua
Lua, is a scripting language providing dynamic data structures, maths, io and string manipulations just like any interprete language such as Bash, Python, Ruby etc.

What is so special about Lua?
Lua is Fast, Light-weight and Embeddable.

Lua can be embedded into c and c++ programs and Lua core are statically complied with your c++ programs, meaning your c++ program itself are now becoming Lua interpreter that execute Lua scripts. To extend your c++ application to execute Lua script is simple, lets check it out.
Before you start, please download and install Lua from HERE.
Disclaimer: My example are based on Lua 5.1.3.

1. Create a simple Lua script and name it as foo.lua.

io.write("Please enter your name: ") name = io.read() -- read input from user print ("Hi " .. name .. ", enjoy hacking with Lua");

2. Write a cpp program clua.cpp to execute foo.lua.

extern "C" { #include "lua.h" #include "lualib.h" #include "lauxlib.h" } int main() { int s=0; lua_State *L = lua_open(); // load the libs luaL_openlibs(L); //run a Lua scrip here luaL_dofile(L,"foo.lua"); printf("\nI am done with Lua in C++.\n"); lua_close(L); return 0; }

Lua API are in c format, in order to make it work with C++ you need to extern “C”. luaL_openlibs(L) loading up all the basic libs such as IO, String, Math etc. I believe if you are using Lua 5.0, you have to replace luaL_open(L) to load the libs one by one like this:

 luaopen_base(L); luaopen_table(L); luaopen_io(L); luaopen_string(L); luaopen_math(L);

3. Compile the clua.cpp with g++.

g++ -o clua{,.cpp} -llua -ldl

IMPORTANT! You need to link you program with libdl besides liblua. I believe the use of luaL_openlibs() are calling dlopen, dlclose, dlerror, dlsym which needs libdl.

Else you may get linking error like this:

/usr/local/lib/liblua.a(loadlib.o): In function `ll_loadfunc': loadlib.c:(.text+0x917): undefined reference to `dlsym' loadlib.c:(.text+0x924): undefined reference to `dlerror' loadlib.c:(.text+0x9fc): undefined reference to `dlopen' loadlib.c:(.text+0xa11): undefined reference to `dlerror' /usr/local/lib/liblua.a(loadlib.o): In function `gctm': loadlib.c:(.text+0x101e): undefined reference to `dlclose' collect2: ld returned 1 exit status 

4. Execute your c++ app

$ ./clua Please enter your name: surface Hi surface, enjoy hacking with Lua I am done with Lua in C++. 

Cool isn’t it?

Lets try to change foo.lua into this:

io.write("Please enter your name: ") name = io.read() io.write("Hi " .. string.format("\27\91\1;38;40m%s\27\91\0;47;40m",name) .. ", enjoy hacking with Lua\n");

Now, run ./clua again! You name will be in RED, check out text color example HERE

Ofcause, in order to really extend your c++ apps to Lua script, you need more than lua_dofile(), you need to allow Lua script calling your c++ functions, you may need to access variables from Lua to c++ and vice versa. Well, mean while I am still learning, I will share more when I learn more tricks!

Reference and Tutorial!
Lua provides excellent documentation:


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